― Bernard Spolsky, Professor, Bar Ilan University, Israel "Subhan Zein’s approach to language policy and language revitalisation is erudite and original. The main tenet of the article is that CLIL is not just a new expression of educational bilingualism. Language Planning and Policy 371 Ana Deumert 12.1 Introduction 371 12.2 Dimensions of Language Planning 372 12.3 The Process of Language Planning 375 12.4 The Rational Choice Model and Its Critics 380 12.5 The Question of Acceptance 386 12.6 Language Planning, Power and Ideology 387 12.7 Two Case Studies: Norway and South Africa 393 Language Policy, Language Planning and Sociolinguistics in South-East Asia, Papers in South-East Asian Linguistics No. Crystal refers to the statement on language rights issued by Linguistic Society of America in 1995: Notwithstanding the multilingual history of the United States, the role of English as our common language has never been seriously questioned . THE SOCIOLINGUISTICS OF CLIL: LANGUAGE PLANNING AND LANGUAGE CHANGE IN 21ST CENTURY EUROPE FRANCISCO LORENZO Universidad Pablo de Olavide ABSTRACT. The third part contrasts influential scholarly orientations and approaches toward language planning and policy analysis and briefly reviews the work of several authorities in terms of their approaches. We use cookies to improve your experience on our website. The term language planning was first “introduced by the linguist Einar Haugen in the late 1950s” (Deumert, 2000, p. 384) and it is defined as follows: [Language Planning] refers to all conscious efforts that aim at changing the linguistic behavior of a speech community. It. Next, it examines the impact of negative institutional language policies and practices and provides examples of positive steps that educators can take in promoting education for language minorities. Jan 13 Crystal also notes (p. 128) that some people are concerned with some "internal forces threatening the country's future identity.". 2020. However, Language policy refers to the more general linguistic, political and social goals underlying the actual language planning process. This paper focuses on the ways and the reasons that make CLIL a unique approach in L2 teaching now. Torres, Caroline Language planning is a controversial area in sociolinguistics. The next section describes and analyzes major goals for language planning, that is, language goals, political goals, and economic goals. Additional Physical Format: Online version: Language policy, language planning and sociolinguistics in South-East Asia. Since there are different varieties of the same language within a country, people tend to favor one (usually standard) variety over the others. The SAGE Handbook of Sociolinguistics. Purposes of Language Planning 4. A brief conclusion completes the chapter. The 'official English' movement resulted from this viewpoint." Canberra, A.C.T. David, Rosa Dene View Academics in Language Planning and Policy, Sociolinguistics on Academia.edu. An Introduction to Language Policy: Theories and Method is a collection of newly-written chapters that cover the major theories and methods currently employed by scholars active in the field. and Language Policy (Key Topics in Sociolinguistics) Bernard Spolsky The volume brings together leading experts from a range of disciplines to create a broad perspective on the study of style and variation in spoken language. 5. It also revisits a contentious debate over appropriate instruction for language minorities and considers issues of professional responsibility for linguists and language teachers. Language planners generally focus on specific language problems. In this introduction, Bernard Spolsky explores many debates at the forefront of language policy: ideas of correctness and bad language; bilingualism and multilingualism; language death and efforts to preserve endangered languages; language choice as a human and civil right; and language education policy. One example is the U.S. Court Interpreters Act of 1978, which provides an interpreter to any victim, witness, or a defendant whose native language … This pioneering study of language management is a book that must be read by all interested in language policy and in the effects on other language varieties of successful language planning." informs language policy-making processes. language planning leads to, or is directed by, the promulgation of a language policy by government (or some other authoritative body or person). of language planning and language policy. By clicking "Accept & Close", you agree to our use of cookies. : Dept. Let us accept for the moment a preliminary definition of LP (see section 4 below for further discussion) as the planning of deliberate changes in the form or use of a language (or a variety), or languages (or varieties). 2. Language planning and sociolinguistics. The role of sociolinguistics is to speak for the rights of speakers of all languages. SOCIO-POLITICAL FACTORS AND SOCIOLINGUISTICS Language and Ideology 081 89 The Ideology of Standard Language 082 89-90 Multilingual Societies and Status of Languages 083 90 Language and Education 084 91 Language Policy and Planning 085 92-94 Lesson No. Both planning and language … Choosing which languages will be used as mediums for instruction is particularly important in acquisition planning as one must not only learn the language but use it to learn. It can include anything ‘from proposing a new word to a new language’ (Haugen 1987: 627). From the 1750s onwards, the discourse of one language–one nation was transformed into top-down policies to disseminate the newly devised standard language across the newly established Dutch nation-state. WHAT IS LANGUAGE PLANNING? Later, Crystal observes this position is "one of [...] elitism and discrimination." An "interested" or "motivated" character is inherent in LPP and needs to be theorized as a central feature of researching language policy. Language. Along with language ideology and language practices, language planning is part of language policy- a ty… 2. Language planning is relatively young as a field of formal academic study, dating roughly from the 1960s. View. Since there are different varieties of the same language within a country, people tend to favor one (usually standard) variety over the others. Thus speakers of minority languages would be denied "constitutional rights to freedom of self-expression and equal protection of laws" (p. 138). We use cookies to distinguish you from other users and to provide you with a better experience on our websites. Sociolinguistics takes such issues as language rights and language and nationalism into great consideration. English as a Global Language (2nd ed.). This chapter provides a brief introduction to the fields of language planning and language policy. Sociolinguistics takes such issues as language rights and language and nationalism into great consideration. 4. @LanguageAvenue. LANGUAGE PLANNING. Language planning and microlinguistics : from policy to interaction and vice versa. literature on language testing (one phase of psycholinguistics) (see Castillo 1978 and Sibayan 1970)-. 12. "Language Policy and Planning." Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Terminology Unification: To develop unified terminologies, primarily in technical domains. AND POLICY. The fifth section focuses on language in education planning and deals with two important legal challenges to established policies and practices. Language policy is an issue of critical importance in the world today. 9 Item Preview International Encyclopedia of Linguistics Vol. This chapter has been compiled to provide an overview of the language policing and planning (LPP) field, particularly for new researchers who would like to pursue their MA or PhD. Copyright © 2020 Language Avenue. Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection. In the discussion of issues, an attempt is made to maintain a critical stance toward controversial matters in order to avoid glossing over some of the underlying conflicts and tensions within the field. position or policy. Robert L. Cooper (1989) defines language planning as "the activity of preparing a normative orthography, grammar, and dictionary for the guidance of writers and speakers in a non-homogeneous speech community” (p. 8 ). The next section describes and analyzes major goals for language planning, that is, language goals, political goals, and economic goals. A language policy is a body of ideas, laws, regulations, rules and practices intended to achieve the planned language change … The English language is viewed as a major factor in preserving "mutual intelligibility and American unity", especially in times when immigration is increasing at rapid rates. It is in another specific area of sociolinguistics, however, where development has taken place, namely, language survey work as the basis for language policy and plan ning. Language planning is defined most simply as deliberate language change. Language Spread: To attempt to increase the number of speakers of one language at the expense of another. represents a coherent effort by individuals, groups, or organizations to influence language use or development. K. David Harrison on Threatened Languages of the World. In The SAGE Handbook of Sociolinguistics, 479-495. Crystal, D. (2003). David Crystal (1996, p.366) Birth of Language Planning: * Language planning was first put forward by Uriel Weinrich, in 1997, at a seminar held in Columbia University, the U.S. It is divided into five major sections: The introduction addresses basic issues and assumptions which underlie and influence the direction of the study of language planning and policy. London: SAGE Publications Ltd, 2011. doi: 10.4135/9781446200957.n33. The Dutch case offers an exciting perspective on the rise of cultural nationalism, national language planning and standard language ideology. planning is official, government-level activity concerning the selection and promotion of a unified administrative language or languages.. Crystal (2003, p. 21) notes that movements for minority language rights have been very important in many countries, including the USA. The third part contrasts influential scholarly orientations and approaches toward language planning and policy analysis and briefly reviews the work of several authorities in terms of their approaches. Introduction A decade ago, Hornberger and Johnson proposed that the ETHNOGRAPHY OF LANGUAGE PLANNING AND POLICY (LPP) offers a useful way to understand how people create, interpret, and at times resist LPP across layered IDEOLOGICAL AND … Get this from a library! Judith Gould, The Affects of Language Assessment Policies in Speech-Language Pathology on the Educational Experiences of Indigenous Students, Current Issues in Language Planning, 10.1080/14664200802139562, 9, 3, (299-316), (2008). IV:310-311. Cooper, R. L. (1989). The second section discusses key definitions, describes various levels and types of language planning, and identifies those who are officially and unofficially involved in it. Within its framework, language planning is conceived as a multidisciplinary field of research where various linguistic, social, political and economic factors are extremely inter-related and are of great importance in the elaboration of language policies. This paper deals with the problems associated with language planning. Hirokazu Nukuto, Globalization, Foreign Language Acquisition Planning and Classroom Practice: A Case Study of Multinational Group Interaction in a Japanese University English Course, Language Policy and Language Acquisition Planning, 10.1007/978-3-319-75963-0_9, (155-172), (2018). WHY IS LANGUAGE PLANNING NEEDED? Language planning was apparently restricted to a monolingual society and referred to ‘corpus planning’ only, that is, to decisions about the forms and structures of a language, specifically those involved in standardization (the distinction between status and corpus planning was introduced by Kloss, 1969). Language planning (also known as language engineering) is a deliberate effort to influence the function, structure or acquisition of languages or language varieties within a speech community. Berthoud, Anne–Claude and Georges Lüdi. [...] Nonetheless, promoting our common language need not, and should not, come at the cost of violating the rights of linguistic minorities (p. 139). sociolinguistics, corpus linguistics, devel opment and policy in Af rica, and literature. Example: The spread of Spanish in Paraguay at the expense of the native language, Guarani. 18 LANGUAGE AND IDEOLOGY: EXAMPLES FROM THE WORLD The History of Galim 086 95 In short, "language policy" is the expression of the ideological orientations and views, and "language planning" is … Ronald(1998,p.347) * "Language planning involves the creation and implementation of an official policy about how the languages and linguistic varieties of a country are to be used." 3 communicative repertoires among transnational, multilingual youth in Korean heritage language programs in the U.S. 1. All Rights Reserved. Check if you have access via personal or institutional login. He claims that "in certain instances the decline of a language has been slowed, and occasionally (as in the case of Welsh) halted." Language Policy. Language planning and social change. "Language Policy and Planning." ... language planning, language policy, and nation building, as well as legal language. For further reading: Bright, W. (1992). Close this message to accept cookies or find out how to manage your cookie settings. Berthoud, Anne–Claude and Georges Lüdi. Examples and Observations "Language planning and policy arise out of sociopolitical situations where, for example, speakers of various languages compete for resources or where a particular linguistic minority is denied access to basic rights. Given its multifaceted nature, sociolinguistics offers the community of language users a better understanding of policies hidden behind the veil of preservation of national identity through eliminating the linguistic diversity of this country. 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